Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body
fat. Obesity is more than just a cosmetic concern, though. It increases your
risk of diseases and health problems such as diabetes and high blood
Doctors often use a formula based on your height and weight — called the
body mass index (BMI) — to determine if you are obese. Adults with a BMI of
30 or higher are considered obese. Extreme obesity, also called severe
obesity or morbid obesity, occurs when you have a BMI of 40 or more. With
morbid obesity, you are likely to have serious health problems.
betes and high blood pressure.
Today, obesity is becoming an increasing health problem
globally. A recent study shows that over 60% of Emirati Nationals are
overweight. UAE is currently considered to have one of the highest rates of
Obesity in the world, higher than the US. The good news is that even modest
weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity.
8 Habits of HEALTHY TEENS:
How HEALTHY am I?:
Check your BMI now! Compute it using the given BMI formula
or approach the dietitian for assistance. BMI = Weight (Kilograms)\Height
Take STEPS to a HEALTHIER YOU! :
Healthy Weight is a BALANCING act between the calories you eat
and drink and the calories you burn.
Easy steps to healthy eating:
10 WEIGHT LOSS TIPS
1- Take your time:
2- Pay attention to what you eat and drink:
3- Watch you empty calorie beverages:
4- Prepare meals at home:
5- Choose carefully when eating out:
6- Eat more fruits and vegetables:
7- Feel FULL on fewer Calories:
8- Choose healthier snacks:
9- Don’t skip Breakfast:
10- Get Moving:
Symptoms of Obesity
Symptoms associated with obesity can include:
When to see a doctor:
If you have symptoms associated with obesity such as the
ones above, see your doctor or health care provider. You and your doctor can
discuss your weight-loss options. Even modest weight loss can improve or
prevent problems related to obesity. Weight loss is usually possible through
dietary changes, increased physical activity and behavior changes. In some
cases, prescription medications or weight-loss surgery may be options.
Although there are genetic and hormonal influences on body
weight, the bottom line is that obesity occurs when you take in more
calories than you burn through exercise and normal daily activities. Your
body stores these excess calories as fat. Obesity usually results from a
combination of causes and contributing factors, including:
Factors that may increase your risk of obesity include:
If you're obese, you're more likely to develop a number of
potentially serious health problems, including:
Quality of life:
When you're obese, your overall quality of life may be
lower, too. You may not be able to get around or to perform normal daily
activities as well as you'd like. You may have trouble participating in
family activities. You may avoid public places. You may even encounter
Other issues that may affect your quality of life include:
Depression, Disability, Physical discomfort, Social
Preparing for your appointment:
Talking to your doctor openly and honestly about your weight
is one of the best things you can do for your health. You're likely to start
by first seeing your primary care doctor. In some cases, you may be referred
to an obesity specialist, if one is available in your area. You may also be
referred to a mental health provider, dietitian or nutrition specialist.
What you can do:
Being an active participant in your care can help your
efforts to overcome obesity. One way to do this is by preparing for your
appointment. Think about your needs and goals for treatment. Also, write
down a list of questions to ask. These questions may include:
In addition to your prepared questions, don't hesitate to
ask questions at any time during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor:
During your appointment, your doctor is likely to ask you a
number of questions about your eating, activity, mood and thoughts, and any
symptoms you might have. You may be asked such questions as:
What you can do in the meantime:
If you have several days or weeks before your scheduled
appointment, you can start making some changes on your own to your eating
and activity levels as you begin the journey to lose weight.
Tests and diagnosis:
If your doctor believes you are overweight or obese, he or
she will typically review your health history in detail, perform a physical
exam and recommend some tests. These can help confirm the diagnosis, check
to see what may be contributing to your weight problem and also check for
any related complications.
These exams and tests generally include:
Gathering all this information helps you and your doctor
determine how much weight you need to lose and what health conditions or
risks you have. And this will shape what treatment options are right for
Treatments and drugs:
The goal of obesity treatment is to achieve and maintain a
healthier weight to reduce your risk of serious health problems and enhance
your quality of life. You may need to work with a team of health
professionals, including a nutritionist, dietitian, therapist or an obesity
specialist, to help you understand and make changes in your eating and
activity habits. Together, you can determine a healthy goal weight and how
to achieve it. Your initial goal may be to lose 5 to 10 percent of your body
weight within six months.
You can start feeling better and seeing improvements in your health with
just minor weight loss, though — 5 to 15 percent of your total weight. That
means that if you weigh 200 pounds (91 kilograms) and are obese by BMI
standards, you would need to lose only about 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.6
kilograms) to start seeing benefits.
Specific treatment methods:
There are many ways to treat obesity and reach a healthier
weight. The treatment methods that are right for you depend on your level of
obesity, your overall health, and your willingness to participate in your
weight-loss plan. Think of your treatment plan as a way to make changes that
you can stick with for a lifetime, so that you keep the weight off.
Treatment methods include:
Achieving a healthy weight is usually done by making changes
in your lifestyle — dietary changes, increased activity and behavior change.
Prescription medication or weight-loss surgery is typically used in addition
to lifestyle changes in more serious cases.
Reducing your daily calorie intake and eating healthier are
vital to overcoming obesity. Slow and steady weight loss of 1 or 2 pounds
(1/2 to 1 kilogram) a week is considered the safest way to lose weight and
the best way to keep it off permanently. Avoid drastic and unrealistic diet
changes, such as crash diets, because they're unlikely to help you keep
excess weight off for the long term. There are a number of different dietary
strategies to choose from, all of which can lower your calorie intake.
Dietary ways to overcome obesity include:
Be wary of quick fixes:
You may be tempted by fad diets that promise fast and easy
weight loss. The reality, however, is that there are no magic foods or quick
fixes. Special diets such as low-carbohydrate diets may produce weight loss
in the short term, but the long-term results don't appear to be any better
than other diets. Similarly, you may lose weight on a crash diet, but you're
likely to regain it when you stop the diet. To lose weight — and keep it off
— you have to adopt healthy eating habits that you can maintain over time.
Increased physical activity or exercise is also an essential
part of obesity treatment. Most people who are able to maintain their weight
loss for more than a year get regular exercise, even simply walking. The
goal of activity and exercise for weight loss is to burn more calories,
although exercise offers many other health benefits as well. How many
calories you burn depends on the frequency, duration and intensity of your
To boost your activity level:
To lose weight and keep it off, you need to make changes in
your behavior and attitudes toward food and exercise.
A behavior modification program can help you make these lifestyle changes.
Behavior modification programs may include examining your current habits to
find out what factors or situations may have contributed to your obesity.
Exploring your current eating and exercise habits gives you a place to start
when changing your behaviors. Once you understand which habits are
undermining your weight-loss efforts, you can take steps to create a new,
There are a number of ways to help you change unhealthy behavior and
thoughts. Behavior modification, sometimes called behavior therapy, can
In some cases, weight-loss surgery, also called bariatric
surgery, is an option. Weight-loss surgery offers the best chance of losing
the most weight, but it can pose serious risks. Weight-loss surgery limits
the amount of food you're able to comfortably eat or inhibits the absorption
of food and calories, or both.
Weight-loss surgery for obesity may be considered if:
Weight-loss surgery can often help you lose as much as 50
percent of your excess body weight. Just over half of those who undergo
weight-loss surgery keep the weight off at the 5-year mark. But weight-loss
surgery isn't a miracle obesity cure. It doesn't guarantee that you'll lose
all of your excess weight or that you'll keep it off long term. Weight-loss
success after gastric bypass surgery depends on your commitment to making
lifelong changes in your eating and exercise habits.
There are numerous types of weight-loss surgery. Some types are restrictive,
causing weight loss by restricting how much your stomach can hold. Others
are malabsorptive, because they prevent your body from absorbing calories
and nutrients. Others are a combination of these two types.
More common weight-loss surgeries include:
Preventing weight regain after obesity treatment:
Unfortunately, it's common to regain weight no matter what
obesity treatment methods you try. But that doesn't mean your weight loss
efforts are futile.
One of the best ways to prevent regaining the weight you've lost is getting
regular physical activity. Keep track of your physical activity if it helps
you stay motivated and on course. As you lose weight and gain better health,
talk to your doctor about what additional activities you might be able to do
and, if appropriate, how to give your activity and exercise a boost.
You may always have to remain vigilant about your weight. Combining a
healthier diet and more activity is the best way to lose weight and keep it
off for the long term. If you take weight-loss medications, you'll probably
regain weight when you stop taking them. You might even regain weight after
weight-loss surgery if you continue to overeat or eat foods laden with fat
Take your weight loss and weight maintenance one day at a time and surround
yourself with supportive resources to help ensure your success. Find a
healthier way of living that you can stick with for the long term.
Whether you're at risk of becoming obese, currently
overweight or at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy
weight gain and related health problems. Not surprisingly, the steps to
prevent weight gain are the same as the steps to lose weight: daily
exercise, a healthy diet, a long-term commitment to watch what you eat and
If you really want to prevent weight gain, the best
approach is to focus on an active lifestyle that includes an eating plan
that's enjoyable, yet healthy and low in calories.
For your consultation, please visit the Obesity Center at Al
Noor Hospital- Airport Road and Khalifa Street, Abu Dhabi.
Highlights of the Obesity Center (Laparoscopic Bariatric
Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS), through ONLY
ONE “virtually-invisible" opening.